The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the United Nations system's designated entity for addressing environmental issues at the global and regional levels.
Its mandate is to coordinate the development of environmental policy consensus by keeping the global environment under review and bringing emerging issues to the attention of governments and the international community for action.
United Nation’s Environment Ecosystems Division works with international and national partners, providing technical assistance and advisory services for the implementation of environmental policy, and strengthening the environmental management capacity of developing countries and countries with economies in transition.
This consultancy assignment is for the Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) - Programme for the Assessment and Control of Marine Pollution in the Mediterranean (MED POL), Athens, Greece.
The GEF / UNEP MedProgramme (GEF ID 9607) represents the first GEF programmatic multi-focal area initiative in the Mediterranean Sea aiming to operationalize priority actions to reduce major transboundary environmental stresses in its coastal areas while strengthening climate resilience and water security and improving the health and livelihoods of coastal populations.
The MedProgramme is implemented in ten beneficiary countries sharing the Mediterranean basin : Albania, Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Egypt, Lebanon, Libya, Montenegro, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey.
and (2) regional harmonization of relevant standards.
In view of its commitments as stipulated in Decision IG.25 / 8 and in line with CP1.2 Outputs 2.1 and 2.2, the UNEP / MAP is developing in the current biennium 2022-2023, technical guidelines for wastewater treatment and sewage sludge management to enable the Contracting Parties to effectively fulfill their legally binding commitments.
This includes guidance on disposal alternatives of sludge, use of sludge as a soil additive, and for energy production and incineration.
The Secretariat is also developing pre-treatment standards for industries / sectors discharging to municipal sewerage systems in order to ensure that discharges of untreated industrial wastewater would not lead to serious malfunctioning of biological processes in urban wastewater treatment plants as well as quality of treated sludge.
Additionally, with regards to CP1.2, Output 2.3 aiming to develop regional standards on desalination, MED POL is further building on the Decision IG.
23 / 13 adopted in COP 20, 17-20 December 2017 in Tirana, Albania; the Updated Guidelines on the Management of Desalination Activities.
however, a comprehensive response to growing pressures from desalination requires further regional cooperation to identify best practices and develop performance criteria and standards for planning and operation of desalination plants.
regulatory measures and permitting procedures in line with the requirements of Decision IG.25 / 5 Amendments to Annexes I, II and IV to the Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-Based Sources and Activities (LBS Protocol) recently adopted in COP 22 (7-10 December 2021, Antalya, Turkey).
The Amendments include updates on sectors of activity of Annex I.A including water collection and supply ; updates on the categories of substances in Annex I.
C including brine (from desalination) corresponding to those for which emission limit values are defined, as well as new criteria for Best Available Techniques (BAT) and Best Environmental Practices (BEP) which are addressed in Annex IV of the LBS Protocol.
brine treatment and pre-treatment technologies and propose regional regulatory measures based on regulations applied by the Contracting Parties of the Barcelona Convention in the regions.
brine treatment and pre-treatment technologies, (v) propose regional regulatory measures (for instance, permitting conditions, compliance and enforcement), taking into consideration regulations applied by the Contracting Parties of the Barcelona Convention in region.
The consultant is expected to perform the following tasks :
2.Review the Updated Guidelines on the management of desalination activities (IG : 23.13, 2017) to identify new and additional elements required to enhance circular economy principles, resource and energy efficiency as well as environmental standards in particular on
3.Undertake a desk study to :
A-Assess the current situation of the desalination capacity in the Contracting Parties of Barcelona Convention in the Mediterranean, mapping, inter alia, : (i) capacity of desalination plants, (ii) construction / operation dates and locations, (iii) desalination technologies including the processes used i.
B-Further evaluate the outcomes of the State of play of Desalination in the Mediterranean prepared in accordance with Programme of Work 1.
2.3(a) by Plan Blue (if published)
4.Prepare an annotated content for Desalination technologies and Environmental Standards (hereinafter as Standards for Desalination) with the following chapters by taking into account the task 2 and 3 :
b)Environmental issues in seawater desalination : Adverse of intakes and outfalls
c)Brine treatment and pre-treatment technologies and processes towards minimum / zero liquid discharge and resource recovery : (State of the art and techno-assessment : Membrane-based and thermal based brine treatment technologies etc.,)
5.Prepare the first draft of Standards for Desalination in the Mediterranean expanding Guidelines on Desalination Activities (2017) and submit for MEDPOL’s comments and feedback. Amend accordingly
regional standards on desalination; and standards on pre-treatment of industrial effluents for industries discharging into urban wastewater collection systems to be held in October 2022 (tbc) and First Steering Committee of CP.
1.2 (tbc) in terms of technical inputs to substantiate the scope of the proposed measures. Take note of all comments / inputs received from the Contracting Parties and prepare the second draft of the Standards for Desalination
9.Prepare and submit the final report of deliverables for the consultancy with details on tasks and activities undertaken to achieve the required deliverables
Qualifications / special skills
Academic Qualifications :
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